November 28, 2009

A Short History of Japan Revolutionary Communist League-National Committee (JRCL-NC)

A Short History of Japan Revolutionary Communist League-National Committee (JRCL-NC)

1955

July

Sixth National Conference of Japan Communist Party (JCP)

1956

March

USSR 20th Congress of the Communist Party criticizes Stalin

 

October

Hungarian revolution

1957

January

Founding of Japan Revolutionary Communist League (JRCL)

1958-59

 

Founding of Communist League (CL)

1958

 

Second split of JRCL: criticism of dogmatization of Trotskyism (dispute over entrism), Founding of the Japan Revolutionary Communist League-National Committee (JRCL-NC): “Proletarian world revolution against imperialism, against Stalinism”

 

December

 

1959

August

 

 

September

Publication of the national organ paper of JRCL-NC, Zenshin (“Forward”)

1960

 

Founding of Marxist Student League (MSL), playing an important role in Ampo struggle (struggle against Japan-US Security Treaty) together with CL

1961

January

Marxist Workers’ Youth League (MWYL) founded.

 

March

Revolutionary wing of CL joins JRCL

 

 

1st National Congress of JRCL-NC

1961

September

USSR’s resumption of nuclear bomb testing; JCP supports USSR’s nuclear testing.

 

 

JRCL’s struggle against nuclear bomb testing of the USA and the USSR

1962

September

Third National Committee Meeting of JRCL: resolutions on “defense and creation of militant labor movement”, “construction of regional committees of JRCL” and “revolutionary united front”, “creation of workers’ party in place of JSP and JCP,” thus establishing the underlying stand point of Doro-Chiba, and resulting in dropping-off of Kakumaru-faction (Kuroda, Matsuzaki and others), who feared practice of militant labor movement

1964

 

Struggle against the visit of a US nuclear submarine

1965

 

Struggle against the Japan Korea Treaty

 

August

Sohyo, the then main stream national trade union center under influence of the Japan Socialist Party (JSP), founds Anti-War Youth Committees (AWYC) in the youth sections of its affiliate labor unions; JCRL-NC and MWYL extend their influence among young workers in the AWYCs

1966

August

Third Convention of JRCL: Programmatic Recognition of Today – “Beginning of the fundamental shaking of the post-war world system of imperialism and Stalinism” “Historical bankruptcy of Stalinism” “System crisis of Japanese imperialism” “Proletarian world revolution against imperialism and Stalinism”

1967

February -July

Struggle against expansion of Tachikawa US air base in Sunagawa area

 

October 8

Haneda Struggle against Prime minister Sato’s visit to Vietnam: “Seven months of great upsurge” launched, including Haneda, Sasebo (against a US nuclear carrier), Sanrizuka (against the construction of Narita Airport), Oji (against US field hospital in Tokyo)

1968

October 21

Shinjuku Struggle against US jet fuel transportation (Anti-Riot Law invoked)

1969

Januarry

Tokyo University Struggle (Occupation of Yasuda Auditorium); a series of nationwide campus struggles (Nihon University etc.)

 

April

Okinawa Struggle (Anti-Subversive Activity Law invoked, arrests of HONDA Nobuyoshi, general secretary of JRCL, and other comrades)

 

October -November

The First November Battle”, an elementary form of armed struggle with slogans: “Take back Okinawa! Crush Japan-US Security Treaty! Down with Japanese Imperialism.”

 

 

Students organization and youth sections of labor unions, including public sector unions and many unions in the key industries rose up.

1970

June

Ampo (Japan-US Security Treaty) Struggle: mass mobilization by revolutionary left wing forces surpassing JSP and Japan Communist Party (JCP) and Sohyo,

 

July

Militant Chinese activist group (in Japan) criticize JRCL for inadequacy of solidarity actions and strategy with Asian people; JRCL’s self-criticism

1971

February-September

Sanrizuka Struggle against farmland expropriation for Narita Airport construction for military use

 

November

The Second November Battle” against ratification of Okinawa Return Treaty (Anti-Subversive Activity Law invoked for the second time)

 

November 14

Shibuya Riot: comrade HOSHINO Fumiaki later arrested and detained in prison for 35 years in alleged charge for killing a policeman

 

December 4

Two students of Chukaku (MSL) assassinated by Kakumaru: Dual confrontation against the state power and Kakumaru begins

1973

September

JRCL turns offensive against Kakumaru

1975

March 14

Comrade Honda assassinated by Kakumaru; JRCL formulates “Preemptive Strategy of Civil War” and launch revenge offensive against Kakumaru

1977

August

District Chiba of Doro (now Doro-Chiba) fights against jet fuel transportation to Narita Airport

1979

March

District Chiba becomes Doro-Chiba as a result of separation from Doro National dominated by Kakumaru

1981

 

Fifth Convention of JRCL, Advance to the second phase of the “Preemptive Strategy” for overall development of National Railway Struggle and Sanrizuka Struggle

1985

October

Sanrizuka Struggle against airport construction in the second period

 

November

Strike of Doro-Chiba against the Division and Privatization of Japan National Railways (JNR)

 

November 29

Chukaku students fight Asakusa-bashi Battle (attack on a JNR station) to support Doro-Chiba

1986

May

Rocket was launched to protest Summit Talks taking place in Geihin-kan (guesthouse) in the midst of Tokyo; Police declaration of “annihilation of radicals, especially of JRCL”

 

October

October Challenge”, a series of attacks on political targets to fight back state power repression on JRCL

1989

September

Comrade HASEGAWA Hidenori elected as Metropolitan Parliament member from Suginami Ward

1990

 

Sanrizuka/Emperor Struggle

1991

May

JRCL formulates “May Theses” to “develop labor union activities

1994

June

Publication of a “Series of Marxist Essential Literature Textbooks” begins

1995

Autumn

19th National Committee Meeting of JRCL

1997

December

20thNational Committee Meeting of JRCL; Chair SHIMIZU Takeo and General Secretary AMADA Mikio elected and publicly announced

1999

November

Annual November Workers’ Rally started to promote a formation of a new current of militant labor movement under the auspice of three militant labor unions, including Doro-Chiba

2001

 

Sixth National Convention of JRCL: Declaration of a victory over counter-revolutionary Kakumaru and its head KURODA

2003

 

New Guiding Line formulated to promote activities in labor unions

 

December

Marxist Workers’ Youth League re-started

2006

March

Party Revolution” launched by the initiative of workers’ comrades of West Japan: for the establishment of revolutionary party based on working class and workers’ struggle in labor movement (labor unions)

2007

January

Party line of Class-struggle Labor Movement established

 

July

July Theses” formulated to clarify the core role of proletarian dictatorship

 

Autumn

Shiokawa group drops out of JRCL in opposition to “Class-struggle Labor Movement” and “July Theses”

 

December

West Japan party organization of JRCL reconstructed and elects leading committee composed mainly of workers’ comrades

2009

 

July San Francisco International Labor Conference

 

September

25th National Committee Meeting of JRCL: the draft program of JRCL adopted